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There was a huge gap between the average annual pay of a Congolese and that of a European. Congo specialist Stengers calculated that in 1956 a Congolese averagely earned 9000 Cfr. per year, and a European 400.000 Cfr. The Congolese population hit a copper ceiling in its attempt to work its way up and was largely composed of wage-independent landowners. The others were employed as workers in the large industrial companies. Note of Renardist Ernest Glinne about the Congolese national income, [1958].
NAB, Papers Ernest Glinne, box 1.