Labour was often scarce in the areas where they were needed. The high mortality among the labour force and the careless manner in which the large companies dealt with this reality became untenable. Labour villages were set up in which hygiene was better, and in which more control could be exercised and to tie workers to the company. Having the idea in mind that “a happy worker produces more”, a social network was created using clubs, circles and fanfares, under the approving eye of the employer. In order to also curb child mortality, black women were given assistance at birth by white women in Gouttes de lait or medical centres. These obstetricians were credited with good morals and fought polygamy and debauched behaviour.
- Profit motivations
- Benefits not for everyone